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Glossary

Alcohol Extraction / Ethanol Extraction is a method for extracting oils by using alcohol as a solvent to obtain cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial plant constituents from hemp. Alcohol extraction can refer to Isopropyl alcohol, a known carcinogen that should be avoided. Ethanol extraction uses alcohol fermented from plants (usually grain, cane, or grape), a much less toxic alcohol form.

Broad Spectrum: A hemp or cannabis product that has been processed to remove specific constituents, commonly THC, but leave other cannabinoids. A product with zero THC can not be called Full Spectrum, and is referred to as Broad Spectrum instead.

Cannabinoids, also known as Phytocannabinoids, are a group of active chemical compounds found in hemp and cannabis that act on cannabinoid receptors in our bodies. Cannabinoids are related to the endocannabinoids we naturally produce, and they interact with the body’s endocannabinoid systems (ECS) by engaging with our cannabinoid receptors.

CBD / Cannabidiol is one of more than one hundred cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. It is the most abundant cannabinoid in hemp. A non-psychoactive compound, CBD is known for its benefits to both the mind and body though its interaction with our own endocannabinoid system.

Cannabinoid Receptors, located throughout the body, are part of the endocannabinoid system. These receptors are involved in a variety of physiological and cognitive processes, regulating internal stability, or homeostasis.

Certificate of Analysis or COA is the third party analysis performed on hemp products to determine and confirm potency as well as levels of contaminants and residual solvents. COA provides transparency and verification of claims.

Concentrates are products made by extracting and concentrating desirable plant compounds while removing excess plant material.

Cultivar refers to a plant variety that has been produced in cultivation by selective breeding. In hemp and cannabis, the term ‘cultivar’ is based on a plant’s characteristic smell, flavor, appearance, pharmacological effects and other distinct characteristics.

Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that results from heating a cannabinoid to the point of removing a carboxyl group, thus enhancing the cannabinoid’s ability to interact with the body’s receptors. This process turns CBDa into CBD.

Distillation is the action of purifying a liquid by a process of heating and cooling.  A hemp distillate product has been distilled to separate out specific cannabinoids, typically to remove all THC molecules to produce a THC-free product.

Endocannabinoids are chemicals produced by the body that target cannabinoid receptors.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a biochemical communication system in the human body involved in a variety of essential physiological and cognitive processes. It plays a crucial role in regulating our physiology, metabolism, and mood.

Entourage Effect or Ensemble Theory refers to the synergy that occurs when retaining the full spectrum of cannabinoids and other beneficial constituents rather than processing to separate and isolate compounds. Each cannabinoid and terpene has a specific biochemical effect on the body, and studies show they are much more effective when working together simultaneously than if administered separately.

An Extract, sometimes referred to as a concentrate, is the end product that results from extracting beneficial constituents from the hemp plant.

FECO / Full Extract Cannabis Oil is a potent product extracted from whole hemp and cannabis plants using ethanol extraction. FECO concentrates the full spectrum of beneficial compounds from the plant.

Full Spectrum CBD products are produced in a manner that retains the full array of cannabinoids along with flavonoids and other phenolic compounds, terpenes, and other beneficial plant constituents.

Hemp Oil is the resinous concentrated oil that is extracted from the hemp plant using a chemical or mechanical process. Not to be confused with Hemp Seed Oil, which is the oil created from pressing the seeds of the hemp plant. Hemp Seed Oil contains no CBD.  

Phoenix Tears is another name for RSO and FECO. It refers to the viscous oil extracted from hemp and cannabis plants through alcohol extraction.

Phytocannabinoid: see Cannabinoid

Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) is another name for FECO. It refers to the viscous oil extracted from hemp and cannabis plants through alcohol extraction, and references pioneering medical cannabis pioneer Rick Simpson.

Terpenes are aromatic oils that give hemp and other plants their distinctive smells and flavors, offering therapeutic effects. A hemp plant has over 100 different terpenes and every cultivar has a characteristic terpene composition.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the second most common cannabinoid found in most hemp products, and is known for its psychoactive effects. To be considered a hemp plant, rather than cannabis, it must contain less than 0.3% THC.

Whole Plant refers to the process of using the entire hemp plant to extract the full spectrum of beneficial phytochemicals.

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